Pitru Paksha based on Hindu calendar – India Standard Time. Pitru Paksha 2022 begins on September 11 to September 25, 2022. Below are the Mahalaya Pitra Visarjan and Pitrapaksha 2022 dates for Uttar Pradesh (UP), Delhi, Rajasthan, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh (MP), Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha (it is known as Apara Paksha), Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat, Goa, West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
In Hinduism, Pitru Paksha is the rituals performed by relatives for the departed souls of dead ancestors, parents and relatives. Tarpan and Shraddha are performed on all Amavasya or no moon days. But the most important period to perform Shradh is the Pitru Paksha period during the Krishna Paksha fortnight in Ashwin month (September – October). In some regions this period is the Bhadrapada Krishna Paksha.
- September 10, 2022 – Purnima Shradh
- September 11, 2022 – Pratipada Shraddha (Pratipada Shraddha, also known Dehhitr Pratipada Shraddha, is the first day of the Shraddh during the Pitru Paksha period in Ashwin
month in traditional calendar in North India. )
- September 12, 2022 – Dwitiya Shradh
- September 13 – Tritiya Shradh
- September 14 – Chaturthi Shradh
- September 15 – Panchami Shradh
- September 16 – Shasti Shradh
- September 17 – Saptami Shradh
- September 18 – Ashtami Shradh
- September 19 – Navami Shradh (Avidhava Navami) – Avidhava Navami Shradh – For women who passed when there husbands were alive.
- September 20, 2022 – Dashami Shradh
- September 21 – Ekadashi Shradh
- September 22 – Dwadashi Shraddha
- September 23 – Trayodashi Shradh
- September 24 – Chaturdashi Shradh
- September 25 – Mahalaya Amavasi – Most important day of Shradh – On this day Shradh can be performed without looking date, tithi, nakshatra etc – it is known as Sarva Pitru Shradh and (Pitra Visarjan).
Rules during Shradh Period – Dos and Don’ts during Pitri Paksha Shradh Fortnight
These dos and don’ts are primarily followed in North, West and Eastern parts of India and it is to be followed for a fortnight – 15 days starting from Krishna Paksha Pratipada to Mahalaya Amavasya.
- The person performing shradh should not smoke, eat pan, drink alcohol, have sexual intercourse and get a massage.
- The person should not undertake long distance journey.
- The person should eat only that is served first. He/she should not take a second serving.
- The person should avoid arguments and fights.
- The person should not invite more than three relatives.
- The person performing Shradh should not be truthful. Avoid lying and taking part in business deals.
Importance of Pitru Paksha Shraddh – Annual Rituals to Dead Ancestors
Shradh offered during Pitru Paksha (dark fortnight or Krishna Paksha) in the month of Ashwin (September – October) is of great importance in Hindu religion. Shraddh is the ceremonies and rituals performed for the departed souls of dead ancestors. It is believed that the souls will attain peace by the Shraddh rituals performed during the fortnight.
As per Hindu teachings, the Shraddh performed on Ashwin Pitru Paksha reaches the ancestors immediately and their souls will rest in peace. Hindu Puranas are full of details about Shraddh, especially Agni Purana, Garuda Purana and Matsya Purana. It is Yama, the god of death in Hindu mythology, who explained the importance of Shraddha performed on Pitru Paksha.
The rituals are usually performed under the guidance of a learned person or priest.
Bharani Shraddha – Maha Bharani Shraddha
Bharani Shraddha is observed when the Bharani Nakshatra or asterism falls during the Pitru Paksha Shradh fortnight. It usually falls on the Chaturthi (fourth) or Panchami (fifth) day of the Pitru Paksha Shraddh rituals. Bharani Shraddha 2022 date is on September 14.
The ritual is performed with the help of a priest on a riverbank or seashore.
Apara Paksha in Odisha
Apara Paksha is observed during the Krishna Paksha of Bhadra month in Odisha. Apara Paksha is dedicated to observing Shradh rituals for dead relatives, parents and ancestors. It is observed for 15-days and begins the day after the Purnima or full moon day in Bhadra month. In 2022, Apara Paksha begins on September 11 to September 25, 2022 with Mahalaya rituals.
In all regions in India, except in South India, this particular period of year is dedicated to offering rites and rituals to the ancestors. There is a belief that the rites offered to the dead during this period reach them soon and their souls will rest in peace.
Gaja Chayai is observed annually during the Mahalayam fortnight which falls before Ashwin Navratri (September – October). Gaja Chayai 2022 date is September 23. It is observed on the Krishna Paksha Trayodashi or the thirteenth day. This day is chosen by those people who do not perform paksha mahalaya – rituals on all 15 days. This fortnight is popularly known as Pitru Paksha Shradh.
Observing one day Shradham is known as Sakrun Mahalayam. Sakrun Mahalayam is in addition to the Amavasya Shradh, which should be performed by all people.
The importance of Gajachayai is that one need not worry about tithi, vara, Nakshatra and other doshas and can perform the ritual.
What If I Could Not Perform or Do Shradh During Pitru Paksha Period?
If you could not perform or do shradh during pitru paksha period then you can do it before Kartik month as per traditional Hindu calendar followed in North India.
Shradh occurs during Ashwin Krishna Paksha in North India calendar. The corresponding period in other regions is the Bhadrapada Krishna Paksha.